HOW TO BUILD A FIRE, FM 21-76

HOW TO BUILD A FIRE

7-13. There are several methods for laying a fire and each one has advantages. The situation you are in will determine which of the following fires to use.

TEPEE

7-14. To make a tepee fire (Figure 7-5), arrange the tinder and a few sticks of kindling in the shape of a tepee or cone. Light the center. As the tepee burns, the outside logs will fall inward, feeding the fire. This type of fire burns well even with wet wood.

LEAN-TO

7-15. To lay a lean-to fire (Figure 7-5), push a green stick into the ground at a 30-degree angle. Point the end of the stick in the direction of the wind. Place some tinder deep under this lean-to stick. Lean pieces of kindling against the lean-to stick. Light the tinder. As the kindling catches fire from the tinder, add more kindling.

CROSS-DITCH

7-16. To use the cross-ditch method (Figure 7-5), scratch a cross about 30 centimeters (12 inches) in size in the ground. Dig the cross 7.5 centimeters (about 3 inches) deep. Put a large wad of tinder in the middle of the cross. Build a kindling pyramid above the tinder. The shallow ditch allows air to sweep under the tinder to provide a draft.

PYRAMID

7-17. To lay the pyramid fire (Figure 7-5), place two small logs or branches parallel on the ground. Place a solid layer of small logs across the parallel logs. Add three or four more layers of logs, each layer smaller than and at a right angle to the layer below it. Make a starter fire on top of the pyramid. As the starter fire burns, it will ignite the logs below it. This gives you a fire that burns downward, requiring no attention during the night.

Figure 7-5. Methods for Laying Fires

Figure 7-5. Methods for Laying Fires

7-18. There are several other ways to lay a fire that are quite effective. Your situation and the material available in the area may make another method more suitable.

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3 Responses to “HOW TO BUILD A FIRE, FM 21-76”

  1. this is a very cool site. i’m doing a english assignment and a part of it requirs me to do something on fire and this site has gave me all the ionfo i need.
    Thanks heaps!

  2. hi awesome site got cool info great job guys
    SHELLY

  3. gretchen Says:

    perfect. concise. great for teaching little ones.

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